The 50 States of Electric Vehicles: States Consider LMI Incentives, EV-Capable Parking, and Charging-As-A-Service in Q2 2023

Raleigh, NC – (August 3, 2023) The N.C. Clean Energy Technology Center (NCCETC) released its Q2 2023 edition of The 50 States of Electric Vehicles. The quarterly series provides insights on state regulatory and legislative discussions and actions on electric vehicles and charging infrastructure.

The report finds that 46 states, plus the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico took actions related to electric vehicles and charging infrastructure during Q2 2023 (see figure below), with the greatest number of actions relating to rebate and grant programs; registration, mileage, or charging fees for electric vehicles; planning activities; rate design for electric vehicle charging; and state procurement of electric vehicles. States also continued to take actions planning for National Electric Vehicle Infrastructure (NEVI) program funding distribution.

A total of 610 electric vehicle actions were taken during Q2 2023, with the most active states being California, Massachusetts, New York, New Jersey, Texas, Minnesota, and Illinois. So far in 2023, 24 states have enacted legislation related to transportation electrification, as of late July 2023.

Q2 2023 State and Utility Action on Electric Vehicles

The report discusses three trends in electric vehicle actions taken in Q2 2023: (1) states and utilities adopting incentives targeting low-income and underserved communities, (2) lawmakers establishing requirements for electric vehicle-capable parking, and (3) utilities proposing charging-as-a-service programs.

“NEVI action is starting to ramp up across the country. Many states have started releasing RFPs for their first round of funding, or are in the process of establishing their RFP,” observed Rebekah de la Mora, Policy Analyst at NCCETC. “States are also preparing the FY2024 versions of their NEVI plan, due to the FWHA in Q3 2023; some states have even released their draft plans for public comment.”

The report notes five of the top policy developments of the quarter:

  • Minnesota lawmakers enacting legislation advancing transportation electrification;
  • El Paso Electric and PNM filing transportation electrification plans in New Mexico;
  • The Louisiana Public Service Commission issuing an order on charging station regulation;
  • Maryland legislators adopting new zero-emission vehicle and charging targets; and
  • The Delaware General Assembly passing multiple bills to promote electric vehicles.

“Utilities and lawmakers continued introducing more unique approaches to stimulating the market for EVs,” said Brian Lips, Senior Project Manager at NCCETC. “But, in some cases, they are also raising questions about the proper role for utilities, and what constraints should be on their ownership of charging equipment.”

View the 50 States of Electric Vehicles 2023 Q2 Quarterly Report Executive Summary

View and Purchase the 50 States of Electric Vehicles 2023 Q2 Update FULL Report

View other 50 States Reports – Solar, Grid Modernization , Electric Vehicles and Decarbonization


The N.C. Clean Energy Technology Center, as part of the College of Engineering at North Carolina State University, advances a sustainable energy economy by educating, demonstrating and providing support for clean energy technologies, practices and policies. It serves as a resource for innovative, sustainable energy technologies through technology demonstration, technical assistance, outreach and training. For more information about the  Center, visit: Twitter: @NCCleanTech

Media Contact, Shannon Helm, NCCETC,