Energy policy is the way the government addresses energy, encompassing laws, regulations, judicial opinions, incentives and strategic objectives at the federal, regional, state local and utility levels.

The Center’s Policy Team works to advance a sustainable energy economy by conducting objective research and analysis and providing education and technical assistance on energy policy issues nationwide. Our staff tracks developments in energy policy and examines the impacts of these on clean energy technologies.  To help support businesses with their clean energy initiatives, we provide information regarding state regulations and tax policies as well as other resources.

Why It Matters

Policy has a huge impact on the market for clean energy technologies, often influencing demand, market access and compensation. Smart policies can accelerate the realization of clean energy benefits, including energy independence and resiliency, financial savings, local economic development, and improved environmental quality. However, policy is constantly changing and can be difficult to understand without spending hours pouring through legislation and regulatory dockets. Our staff provides information on energy policy across the country on the Database of State Incentives for Renewables and Efficiency (DSIRE), which is publicly available. This helps homeowners and businesses, the clean energy industry, utilities, policy makers and others understand the nation’s policy landscape.


The Policy Team offers customized research and analysis on energy policy issues, including comparative state policy analysis, tracking of pending legislative and regulatory actions and new market research.  Understanding the policy landscape is critical for clean energy businesses to identify market opportunities and limitations. Policymakers, while familiar with their own state’s laws and regulations, often look to other states when considering policy changes.  These services are directed toward clean energy businesses, investors, advocates, utilities, policymakers and researchers.

The Database of  State Incentives for Renewables & Efficiency (DSIRE) is the most comprehensive source of information on policies and incentives that support renewable energy and energy efficiency in the United States. Established in 1995, DSIRE is operated by the NC Clean Energy Technology Center. This public resource, which includes summaries of more than 2,600 incentives and policies, is used by over one million different people every year. The Center’s staff is available by request to provide technical assistance to North Carolina policymakers and other stakeholders developing policies regarding renewable energy, energy efficiency and alternative fuels.  To get recognized on DSIRE and to read more about sponsorship, please click here.

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The electric power industry is in a period of rapid policy and regulatory change – changes which are often challenging and time-consuming to keep track of. The 50 States Report series is intended to keep industry stakeholders informed of policy and regulatory changes in the clean energy sector with timely, comprehensive and unbiased updates. The reports provide a complete review of quarterly actions, summarized by our team of state policy experts, along with links to primary sources, summary graphics and analysis.

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The Center offers customized policy research and analysis services to clean energy businesses, utilities, advocacy organizations and other industry participants. These services include state comparative policy analysis, research and tracking of pending legislative and regulatory actions and analysis of market opportunities based on policy landscape.

DSIRE Insight provides policy research and analysis services to energy industry professionals. DSIRE Insight is a project of the Center, expanding upon the Center’s Database of State Incentives for Renewables and Efficiency and and 50 States quarterly policy tracking reports. DSIRE Insight’s subscription services focus on distributed solar, grid modernization and energy storage, and electric vehicles, as well as customized energy policy research. The DSIRE Insight team takes advantage of decades of personal and institutional experience to offer a deeper dive into U.S. clean energy policy, with an emphasis on new policies and policy changes under consideration across the country.

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Recent News

35 Years of NCCETC: A Deep Dive Into the Database of State Incentives for Renewables and Energy Efficiency (DSIRE) & DSIRE Insight

The North Carolina Clean Energy Technology Center (NCCETC) at NC State University is celebrating its 35th Anniversary in 2023. Originally founded in December 1987 as the North Carolina Solar Center,…

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50 States of Electric Vehicles and Innovations in Managed Charging

The continued adoption of electric vehicles will clearly help states meet their climate goals. But the additional demand on the electrical system risks further complicating utilities' careful balancing act to…

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The Public Utility Data Liberation (PUDL) Project adds Clean Energy Standards with DSIRE

Electric utilities report a major amount of information to the United States government and other public agencies, including yearly, monthly and even hourly data about fuel burned, electricity generated, operating…

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DSIREinsight Flyer: Providing comprehensive energy policy research and analysis across the U.S.

DSIREinsight provides policy research and analysis services to energy industry professionals DSIREinsight’s subscription services focus on distributed solar, grid modernization and energy storage, electric vehicles, and power decarbonization, as well as customized energy policy research. DSIREinsight services offer a deeper dive into U.S. clean energy policy, with an emphasis on new policies and policy changes under consideration across the country. The DSIREinsight team utilizes decades of personal and institutional experience to provide comprehensive energy policy intelligence.


Energy & Sustainability Services

The NC Clean Energy Technology Center offers business, industry, government and utilities a suite of services aimed at optimizing sustainability and energy-related objectives.

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Institutional and Policy Landscape for Solar-Plus-Storage Deployment by Electric Cooperatives

One of the first steps in planning and procurement for local utility storage or solar-plus-storage is to check for contractual and policy barriers that could affect the proposed acquisition. Incentives and new opportunities may also be unearthed. To support this early-stage effort, the SPECs project produced a white paper, which examines three levels of policy as they apply to the co-op sector and to local co-ops in particular. These include 1) state and local policies, 2) federal policies and related regional policies, and 3) policies and conventions that stem from institutions in the co-op sector, especially the relationships and agreements between local co-ops and their wholesale generating and transmission (G&T) suppliers. The objective of this paper is to identify and discuss the various policy and institutional factors that are relevant to the electric cooperative sector, and especially to local, distribution-level electric cooperatives (co-ops) that may be interested in procuring energy storage.

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Autumn Proudlove

Associate Director, Policy & Markets


Brian Lips

Senior Project Manager, DSIRE


David Sarkisian

Senior Policy Project Manager


Rebekah de la Mora

Policy Analyst


Justin Lindemann

Policy Analyst


Emily Apadula

Policy Analyst


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Enhance your skills or begin a career change with one of our training classes!  The Center offers several training opportunities for professional development and the highest level of continuing education in renewable energy technologies.  Get started today. 

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