The 50 States of Electric Vehicles: States Evaluating Charging Infrastructure Needs and Ownership Models in Q2 2020

Raleigh, NC – (August 5, 2020) The N.C. Clean Energy Technology Center (NCCETC) released its Q2 2020 edition of The 50 States of Electric Vehicles. The quarterly series provides insights on state regulatory and legislative discussions and actions on electric vehicles and charging infrastructure.

The report finds that 43 states and the District of Columbia took actions related to electric vehicles and charging infrastructure during Q2 2020 (see figure below), with the greatest number of actions relating to rebate programs, charging station deployment, studies, electric vehicle registration fees, and grant programs.
A total of 357 electric vehicle actions were taken during Q2 2020, with the most active states being Minnesota, New York, Massachusetts, California, and New Jersey. State lawmakers have enacted at least 30 bills related to electric vehicles so far in 2020.
The report discusses three trends in electric vehicle actions taken in Q2 2020: (1) states investigating the appropriate roles for utilities and private entities in charging infrastructure deployment, (2) states studying and planning for electric vehicle infrastructure needs, and (3) states and utilities offering electric vehicle or charging station incentives for low-income customers.

Q2 2020 State and Utility Action on Electric Vehicles

“Utilities are increasingly looking for new services to offer their customers, including utility-owned charging equipment for the customer’s private use in exchange for a monthly fee,” observed Brian Lips, Senior Policy Project Manager at NCCETC. “Meanwhile, many states are considering what the appropriate role for utilities is in charging infrastructure deployment.”

The report notes five of the top policy developments of the quarter:
• Black Hills Electric and Xcel Energy filing their Colorado transportation electrification plans;
• The California Air Resources Board adopting zero-emission truck standards;
• State agencies in Colorado and Connecticut releasing electric vehicle plans;
• The Ohio Department of Transportation outlining a statewide electric vehicle strategy; and
• Kentucky regulators denying approval for Duke Energy’s electric vehicle pilot programs due to the state’s limited electric vehicle market.

“State agencies across the country are examining charging infrastructure needs and working to identify optimal sites for charging equipment,” added Autumn Proudlove, Senior Manager of Policy Research at NCCETC. “However, the trickier question these states are also considering is who should own and maintain this infrastructure.”

View the 50 States of Electric Vehicles Q2 2020 Executive Summary
View and Purchase the 50 States of Solar Q2 2020 update FULL Report
View other 50 States Reports – Solar, Grid Modernization and Electric Vehicles


The N.C. Clean Energy Technology Center, as part of the College of Engineering at North Carolina State University, advances a sustainable energy economy by educating, demonstrating and providing support for clean energy technologies, practices and policies. It serves as a resource for innovative, sustainable energy technologies through technology demonstration, technical assistance, outreach and training. For more information about the  Center, visit: Twitter: @NCCleanTech


Media Contact: Shannon Helm, NCCETC,