Electric and Hybrid Electric
Electric vehicles aren’t a new invention; the first one was built in 1828! Today there are several types available to consumers. Hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) have both an internal combustion engine and an electric motor, while a plug-in electric vehicle (PEVs) operation solely on an electric motor. HEVs can be substantially more fuel-efficient than conventional vehicles. Testing has shown that electric vehicles can accelerate and handle just as well as — or even better than — comparable gasoline vehicles. They’re also quiet and more energy-efficient.
PEVs produce zero tailpipe emissions, and HEVs produce no tailpipe emissions when in all-electric mode. (AFDC) Cost- According to the U.S. Department of Energy (and based on North Carolina electricity prices), the average electric vehicle costs 3 cents per mile in energy costs. Meanwhile, a very efficient 40-MPG gasoline vehicle costs 9 cents per mile in gasoline, assuming gasoline of $3.50 per gallon. EVs have the benefit of flexible fueling: They can charge overnight at a residence, at a workplace, or at public charging stations. HEVs have added flexibility, because they can also refuel with gasoline or diesel. EVs are capable of using off-board sources of electricity, and almost all U.S. electricity is produced from domestic coal, nuclear energy, natural gas and renewable resources. Visit the Electric Vehicle Case Study to see a fleet that has successfully implemented electric vehicles into their mix.
What Vehicles are Available?
Several all-electric mid- and full-size vehicles are now on the market in the United States. The N.C. Clean Energy Technology Center maintains a list of Electric Vehicles and technology providers that serve the North Carolina market. Please see the Clean Transportation Buyers Book for more details.
Where Can I Charge an Electric Vehicle?
There are currently over 160 public electric charging stations in North Carolina. The capabilities of the stations vary in charging speed, it is best to check ahead of time and ensure they meet your time requirements.